Captain Sakae Oba led a group of 46 men in guerrilla tactics against U.S. forces before surrendering in 1945. His group is considered to be one of the last groups of organized Japanese fighters after the official end of World War II.
More information about Captain Sakae Oba can be found here.
Yamakage Kufuku's partner on Iwo Jima; Matsudo Linsoki also surrendered peacefully to American troops in 1949. Though GIs regularly hiked the island, Yamakage and Matsudo used a series of barbed wire entanglements to keep explorers from discovering the caves they called home.
More information about Matsudo Linsoki can be found here.
After the war, Lt. Ei Yamaguchi commanded a group of 33 Japanese soldiers on attacks against the 150 marines stationed on Peleliu Island before finally surrendering in 1947.
When asked in a 1995 interview with Dateline about his refusal to surrender, Yamaguchi said, "We couldn't believe that we had lost. We were always instructed that we could never lose. It is the Japanese tradition that we must fight until we die, until the end."
The photo above is of a rusted tank that still sits on Peleliu Island, over 70 years since the end of the war.
More information about Lt Ei Yamaguchi can be found here.
Surrendering in 1950, Private First Class Yuichi Akatsu was stationed on Lubang Island, which is pictured above.
Over the years through surrender and death, his unit dwindled to only four men. After surrendering, Yuichi Akatsu tried to work with the locals to convince the remaining soldiers to come out of hiding, but they refused,convinced that their friend had joined the enemy.
More information about Private First Class Yuichi Akatsu can be found here.
One of Private Yuichi Akatsu's Lubang Island squad mates, Private Kinshichi Kozuka, was killed in 1972 by Filipino police. The World War II holdouts would occasionally perform guerrilla attacks on locals, even decades after the end of the war.
One of the caves on Lubang Island that the holdouts reportedly called home is pictured above.
More information on Private Yuichi Akatsu can be found here.
Another of theLubang Island holdouts,Corporal Shoichi Shimada was killed in a 1953 shootout with a search party that had been sent to find the soldiers. The above photo is of another one of the areas that the men reportedly made camp.
More information aboutCorporal Shoichi Shimada can be found here.
The most famous of the Lubang Island holdouts, Hiroo Onoda surrendered in 1974. Nearly three decades after Japan's surrender and the end of World War II. Hiroo Onoda stayed loyal to the Imperial Japanese Army after pleas from locals, soldiers and even his brother. Finally, his commanding officer, then an employee at a book store, was personally flown to the island to order Hiroo Onoda to stand down. After finally accepting that the war was over, Hiroo reportedly wept.
More information about Hiroo Onoda can be found here.
He also wrote a book about his experiences, that can be purchased here.
Found on the Island of Tinian in 1953, Murata Susumu called a shack near one of the island's swamps home for nearly ten years before finally being captured. Tinian island was the location of a major airfield during the war.
More information on Murata Susumu can be found here.
Corporal Shoichi Yokoi surrendered in 1972 after being captured by two hunters in Guam. Yokoi survived by hiding in the jungles of the Marianas Archipelago island after his unit was almost completely destroyed. He hid for over 25 years, weaving his own clothes out of bark and digging a cave that he lived in.
More information about Corporal Shoichi Yokoi can be found here.