Decades of extreme economic isolation and the fall of the Soviet Union left Cuba in shambles in the early '90s.
As a result of this period of severe poverty, Cuban "Life Hack" culture was born. If your ceiling fan broke, you couldn't just go out and buy a new one. You had to learn to fix it yourself. You had to make do.
These metal lunch trays fashioned into television antennas are common across the island.
In an interview with PBS, Ernesto Oroza, a Cuban American designer and collector of these types of Cuban technological innovations, said, "Unfortunately, all of this creativity is motivated by profound poverty and desperation."
Many of these photos are from Ernesto's personal collection.
A Cuban sandwich is a variation of a ham and cheese sandwich. It is made of sliced roast pork, glazed ham (Cubans love pork!), Swiss cheese, yellow mustard and thinly-sliced dill pickles on a pressed Cuban roll. The roll MUST BE PRESSED. But how do you make one if you don't have a Sandwich Master, a George Foreman Grill or a fancy panini press? Boom: use a brick covered in foil.
When the Soviet Union dissolved in the early 1990s, Cuba was hit with an extreme food shortage. Cubans had to adjust their diet's to survive. One of the popular dishes during those times was "Bisket de Toronja," chicken fried steak made from grapefruit rinds.