Finally, after hinting at a change for some months, China has announced that it will now ease up on it's one-child policy and will begin to do away with labor camps all in hopes to improve their image and overall human rights.
The whole mentality of "Reform through labor" was the brain child of Mao Zedong in the 1950s and influenced by Soviet gulags. The main premise being that "class enemies" and "counterrevolutionaries" could be held without given a trial.
The most recent gathering of numbers from the Ministry of Justice says roughly 160,000 people were being held in 350 re-education through labor centers throughout the country by the end of 2008. However, the U.N. says the figure could possibly be as high as 190,000.
It's been common knowledge for years that China has laws that prohibit most families living in urban areas from having more than one child. The new "leniency" allows couples to have 2 children, but only if one of the parents was an only child.
Though it seems to be changes for the better, there are still some critics out there that feel the new law hurts China's elderly population, because in their country, the elderly are often taken care of by their children. But, if their children are in economic straits or too busy with their own children, it will leave the older population to start to fend for themselves.