Archaeology might’ve been another boring class you took in college just to get a requirement out of the way, but it’s actually cool as hell. Without archaeologists, we wouldn’t have nearly as much information about the ancient Egyptians or early humans. The following discoveries just take it to another level!
The Diquis Spheres, or stone spheres, look like a cool modern landscaping trend, but in reality they were constructed by a lost Costa Rican civilization somewhere between 700 AD and 1530 AD. These stones were thought to have been constructed with fracturing, pecking and grinding techniques. The largest of the stones is more than two meters in diameter and weighs more than 16 tons.
In the late 1800s, archaeologists discovered an ancient Egyptian mummy that had a disturbing pained expression on its face. What’s more, the mummy’s sarcophagus didn’t have any sort of identifying markings on it. No one knows for sure who the Screaming Mummy was, but some historians believe that the high priests intentionally did not display his name, as was custom in ancient Egypt, so that he could never reach the afterlife.
A sword from medieval England has been perplexing historians. No one has been able to read the writing on its edge which looks like a bunch of random letters. They believe that the letters had religious significance.
Plot twist: Perhaps whoever made the sword put a bunch of random letters on it just to eff with future archaeologists?
The Voynich Manuscript is a 600-year-old book with drawings of strange plants and naked women in a tub full of green liquid. No one knows exactly where it’s from or its age. Additionally, no one has been able to figure out what any of its words mean.
Some historians have called the book a hoax, while others have wondered why on earth someone would spend that much time on such a detailed hoax.
Historians think they may have found the only-remaining hand of glory in existence in North Yorkshire, England. A “hand of glory” is a mummified hand that supposedly served to aid thieves by acting as a candlestick that could unlock any door. And if that’s not strange enough, a hand of glory had to be made in a very specific way, including pickling a man’s hand and making the candle out of his fat.
The Gate of the Sun is a structure in the ancient city of Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, which is said to be the place of creation in Andes legend. It is approximately three meters high and carved out of a single block of stone. Its exact significance isn’t known, but many believe that it was used as some sort of calendar that notates the year.
About 30 years ago, researchers stumbled across this creepy-looking scaly set of talons in a cave system on Mount Owen in New Zealand. The talons looked as if they belonged to something that had died recently, but upon dating it, they found that it was actually mummified and more than 3,000 years old. It belonged to an upland moa, an extinct prehistoric bird that stood at more than four feet tall.
The discovery of a bunch of large stone discs in Volgograd, Russia, has led a lot of conspiracy theorists to believe that aliens have definitely visited earth. The discs supposedly contain tungsten, and no one actually knows why they were made in the first place.
However, they do kind of look like flying saucers, and apparently that’s enough evidence for many UFO enthusiasts.
The ancient Nazca lines can be found southwest of Lima, Peru, and are what is known as geoglyphs. Geoglyphs are drawings on the ground that are created by removing rocks and earth to create negative-space pictures. However, no one knows why or how they were made, seeing as you can’t even see these pictures while standing on the ground!
You’ve likely heard of the Dead Sea Scrolls — the Copper Scroll is indeed one of them — but nothing about it matches the rest of the Dead Sea Scrolls. In fact, the Copper Scroll supposedly contains a list of places to find treasure worth more than a billion dollars!
Professor Richard Freund said that the Copper Scroll “is probably the most unique, the most important, and the least understood” of all the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Hobbits are real! Tolkien fans rejoice! We’re sort of just kidding, of course...in 2003, researchers found the remains of ancient hominids in Indonesia, called homo floresiensis, who stood at about 3.5 feet tall.
Originally, scientists thought that these early hominids were just smaller versions of homo erectus, but now it is believed that they were actually a sister species of homo habilis, an earlier ancestor of mankind as we know it.
Archaeologists discovered a network of Stone-Age tunnels stretching all the way from Scotland to Turkey. Most of these tunnels are tiny: just big enough for one person to crawl through, although others contain rooms with seating areas. No one knows exactly why these tunnels were constructed, but some believe it could’ve been to escape predators or harsh weather conditions.
Saksaywaman is an intricate complex near Cusco, Peru. It’s constructed of tightly fitted stones that make it look almost like a stone quilt. Some of the stones used weigh up to 200 tons, which make it one of the largest used in any prehispanic building in the Americas.
The stones are fitted so tightly together that a single sheet of paper can’t even fit between many of them!