The ocean makes up 70% of our planet’s surface, and yet we have discovered less than 5% of it. The 5% that we have discovered has left us in awe. Here are 13 amazing underwater discoveries that prove the ocean is full of wonder.
In 2015, Archaeologists discovered the wreck of a Mongolian ship that was part of a fleet that was sent to invade Japan in the 13th century by Kublai Khan of the Yuan Dynasty. In the discovery, they found roof tiles, iron utensils, and a porcelain vase and bowl.
Atsuyuki Nakata, the head of the cultural properties division of the Matsuura city board of education, told The Telegraph, "One thing that we hope to learn from the wreck is the kind of materials that were used by the Mongolians 730 years ago, as well as the techniques used in the construction of the ship."
In March 2012, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos went on a private and secret expedition to find and recover the Apollo engines that brought Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins to the moon. They were able to discover a Saturn V engine, and when they removed corrosion from the base of its thrust chamber they found the serial number "Unit No 2044". This was the proof they needed that it was in fact the engine of Apollo 11.
On February 17, 1944, US Navy carrier aircraft from USS Intrepid CV-11 and USS Essex attacked Japanese ships that were anchored in Truk Lagoon. During the operation, forty ships were sunk and thousands of Japanese died. Ten weeks later, a second raid sank even more ships. You can now dive where the ships sunk and you can explore the wrecks. Truk Lagoon is known to be some of the best wreck diving in the world.
The mystery object was first discovered on the bottom of the Baltic Sea in 2011. Some believed it was some sort of sunken UFO sent by aliens because it looks like something out of Star Wars. It was discovered by Swedish treasure hunting team, Ocean X, led by Peter Lindberg. The divers claimed that when they got close to the anomaly, their equipment stopped working.
“Anything electric out there, and the satellite phone as well, stopped working when we were above the object,” professional diver Stefan Hogerborn, part of the Ocean X team, said.
“And then when we got away about 200 metres, it turned on again, and when we got back over the object it didn’t work.”
A lost Levantine village was found 16 feet underwater off of Haifa, Israel. Over the years, they discovered a 7,500-year-old water well and evidence that the site may have once been the oldest olive oil production center of the world. A study in the Journal of Archaeological Science describes the thousands of crushed olive stones and early olive-oil production technology that was discovered at the site in the 90s.
Scientists have found a structure on the bottom of Lake Michigan that is similar to Stonehenge. About 40 feet below the surface of Lake Michigan, Mark Holley, a professor of underwater archaeology at Northwestern Michigan University College, found the site with his colleague Brian Abbot.
“It was really spooky when we saw it in the water,” Holley said. “The whole site is spooky, in a way. When you’re swimming through a long line of stones and the rest of the lake bed is featureless, it’s just spooky.”
Deep underwater near Tulum, Mexico, you can find a swirling mist that looks like a river in the middle of the cave. The cenote, a cave created by the collapse of limestone bedrock which then fills with water, is 180ft below the surface and even has trees surrounding it. Photographer Anatoly Beloshchin filmed his exploration of the cenote named Angelita, or 'little angel'.
Three years ago, an international team of researchers discovered the wreck of a 2,700-year-old Phoenician trading ship and its cargo off the Malta’s coastline. The ancient shipwreck is one of the oldest ever found in the Mediterranean Sea. In the remains, the found 20 lava grinding stones and large ceramic jugs with two handles and narrow necks used to hold wine.
Deep down on the seafloor you can find metal-bearing nodules that contain, manganese, nickel, cobalt and copper. They have been discovered in many countries and they are anywhere from the size of a potato to a head of lettuce. There has been talk from several countries on the plan to mine the nodules, but no decision has been made as to what to do with them.
There is proof that the North American Plate is pulling away from the Eurasian Plate and an experienced diver can go see it for themselves. Underwater images show that the gap between Europe and United States is widening. The Silfra Rift, Thingvellir Lake, National Park Thingvellir, Iceland is the place where the continental plates meet and drift apart and diving here is an unforgettable underwater experience.
Archeologist have discovered two rare locomotives from the 1850s just 90 feet underwater off the coast of of Long Branch, New Jersey. No one knows how they got there or why they were sunk. There is no historical record of them ever being built and there is no record of them being lost. Explorers believe that they were lost in a storm while being transported from Boston to the Mid-Atlantic. Maybe they fell off a barge? Perhaps they were pushed off the prevent the whole ship from going down? Who knows if we will ever know the truth.
in 1998, after many years mapping and searching the area, French archeologist, Frank Goddio and his team discovered what they believe was the royal palace of Cleopatra. Goddio’s divers found marble floors on the seabed and gold plates. They also found lumps of red granite and broken columns on the submerged island of Antirhodos. They say that all of their findings are evidence that this was once royal quarters.
A “brinicle”, also known as an “icicle of death” forms when seawater freezes. When the “brinicle” meets the sea bed, it forms a web of ice that freezes everything it touches, including sea urchins and starfish. "Brinicles" are found in both the Arctic and the Antarctic and they are so dangerous, very few have seen them with their own eyes.
It is hard to imagine that 95% of the ocean remains unexplored. We can only look forward to more and more exploration as technology advances. As time goes on, we will learn more about the deep blue sea and all the amazing events and history happening below the surface.