Beksiński's style is known as dystopian surrealism. It is a branch of the surrealist artistic movement that began in the 1920s. The aims of surrealism are to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality into an absolute reality, a super-reality."
His first period contained a lot of expressionistic color. His "utopian realism" shone through, as his paintings were filled with surreal architecture. They have been likened to a doomsday scenario and are chilling.
After studying architecture in Krakow, He then returned to Sanok to work as a construction site supervisor. Beksiński found he hated the work. He began to cultivate his interests in sculpting, painting and montage photography.
Beksiński possessed no formal training as an artist when he first began to make his creations. He used materials from his construction sites to create his initial sculptures. Beksiński then went on to experiment with photography.
Beksiński never titled any of his paintings. He didn't want to influence the viewer's interpretation of the them. Additionally, Beksiński stated that some of his artwork was misunderstood and, despite their darkness, were actually optimistic and even humorous.
However, the dark subject matter that Beksiński painted was undeniable. He was interested in death, decay and darkness. He was also interested in eroticism, abstractionism and Eastern Mysticism and incorporated these elements in his art.
Beksiński and his wife, Zofia, had one son, Tomasz. In 1977, they moved from Sanok to Warsaw and lived a relatively uneventful life. Beksiński spent a majority of his time working or listening to music and watching movies. A bit of a recluse, Beksiński did not socialize or travel.
Although Beksiński's art was often grim, he himself was known to be a pleasant person who took enjoyment from conversation and had a keen sense of humor. He was modest and somewhat shy, avoiding public events such as the openings of his own exhibitions.
Beksiński passed away after he was stabbed to death in is Warsaw apartment in 2005. Reportedly, Beksiński refused to lend a 19-year-old acquaintance money. The teenager then threatened and stabbed Beksiński to death.