Although it is still early days for stem cell therapy, researchers have, nevertheless, helped patients who have had a stroke improve their motor skills with stem cells. Patients who have had a stroke and lost some of their motor skills have seen significant improvement. Some people who were wheelchair bound were even able to walk again and now, scientists have reason to believe that the permanence of brain damage can even be revoked.
Climate change is a headache that can only get worse in the future, but researchers have discovered a potential way of locking down carbon dioxide. What some researchers are proposing is that CO2 can be stored beneath the earth by injecting CO2 into volcanic rock. In doing so, the CO2 would turn into a carbonate material and while the process is an expensive one, it does give hope for the future of the world in terms of climate change.
It seems that the idea of humans settling on Mars is not as farfetched a theory as it once was. A huge ice deposit, the size of New Mexico, was discovered on Mars. Moreover, it seems that Mars is made up of 50 to 85 percent of water, with a volume matching that of Lake Superior (2,900 cubic miles.)
Wind farms are giving farmers hope as a new alternative to their income, especially with the rise of pesticides and seeds. In Iowa alone, farmers leasing their land for wind turbines are generating up to $10 million a year and they are estimated to make $900 million by 2030. The trend has already done well in Iowa by not only funding farmers but also bring about county tax revenue to fund certain things such as road works and school funding.
7. The Bioengineer Using 3D Materials Like Never Before
A bioengineer has been awarded a $211K grant to develop printable 3D materials to create blood vessels for children who have vascular defects. Vascular defects are much harder to treat in children, compared to adults, and often, children would need several invasive surgeries. What Yi Hong, together with his partner Guohao Dai, are attempting to create is a range of printable materials in 3D format to create blood vessels that are specific to the patient and ones that will adhere to the human body.
A breakthrough study at Duke University in Durham is giving new hope for those with autism in the family. The study involving 25 children getting a blood transfusion through their own umbilical cord which had stem cells that could potentially treat autism. The study showed real results with more than two-thirds of those involved showing substantial improvements. The researchers are now hoping to work on another trial that could potentially lead to even better results.
9. Vertical Farming Creating Better Conditions For Growing Crops
Vertical farming is taking over conventional farming, at least, this is the case for one Belgian company. With crops stacked up in old warehouses, you would think it is an unlikely environment to grow anything and yet, the opposite is the case. "You don't have the risk of contamination," says Chief Executive of Urban Crops Maarten Vandercruys. With each plant having a custom plan of nutrients and light tailored to its needs, plants in vertical farming grow faster than they do in an outdoor farm.
Batteries will need to be fully charged the next time you board a plane, at least, this is what some startups are planning as production on building electric airplanes are in the works. The planes, which are set to carry from 10 to 50 people for as far as 700 miles, can be expected to be ready to use by this decade. These planes will bring a breakthrough mode of transportation as they will help cut emissions from internal flights and help to reduce pollution.
A new online catalogue showcasing 3D stem cell images is giving new hope for scientists to detect diseases such as cancer. The Allen Cell Explorer is a public catalogue found online containing more than 6,000 pictures of stem cells with key components in the cells being highlighted to show specific genes. The director of the Allen Institute For Cell Science, Rick Horwitz has explained how these images can help to quicken the process of stem cell research as researchers can start to observe better irregular aspects of a cell's structure. Said Horwitz: “Working as a community, we can apply and expand on these tools to make leaps forward in the field of cell biology and have great impact on our study of human health and disease.”
There is a new robot exploring the deepest and darkest parts of the sea and the best part of it is the robot is transparent! This allows researchers to see the underworld without disturbing any of the creatures roaming about. The robot has "a soft body" says Tiefeng Li from Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China, and it will help to “sneak through reefs without damaging them.” “Ocean creatures will feel more comfortable with it than hard, non-transparent robots,” Li adds and while other robots have already been used to explore the seas, this robot has the potential to show us the sea like never before.
This coming September, NASA will be destroying Cassini, the $3.26 billion spacecraft that was used to explore Saturn. Cassini was launched twenty years ago in 1997, and now that the spacecraft is running low on fuel, NASA is set to destroy it before the spacecraft potentially destroys a nearby moon with possible alien life on it. Think about NASA’s $3.26 billion destruction the next time you feel bad about breaking something.