History has been made, and it just may change the future of home construction. The house pictured is the first house to be 3D printed on-site. Located in Stupino in the Moscow region of Russia, this house is the product of Apis Cor, a company which has developed a mobile construction 3D printer. In short? The printer can create entire houses on-site.
This is the mobile construction 3D printer. This very printer was used to create self-bearing walls, partitions, and the building envelope. Perhaps most amazing of all is the fact that the printing took only 24 hours to complete.
All of the construction was completed at the Apis Cor's test facility in Stupino. After the walls were printed, the printer itself was removed from the house by a crane. The house itself measures approximately 124 square feet.
What's unique about this project is the fact that this is the first house to be entirely printed as a whole, rather than printing walls and then assembling them. The project was intended to show the versatility of the mobile construction 3D printer. Houses created by this printer can be any shape; they're only restricted by physics.
Making this project more complex was the fact that it was completed during the bitterly cold winter. The concrete, which is used as the printer's "ink," can only be mixed and used in temperatures above 41 degrees Fahrenheit. In order to be able to use the concrete, the team set up a heated tent over the printer and house area.
The printer used for this house's construction is truly unique and designed to enable such projects. The printer is designed like a crane, and is able to swivel about as it creates a building both inside and out. Additionally, the printer is small enough to be transportable, allowing for construction directly on sites.
While the printer is designed to be as automatic as possible to reduce the chance of human error, there are still aspects that required a human touch. The house was insulated using products from the TechnoNICOL company. Solid plates of polystyrene were also applied to help insulate the roof.
This house features a flat roof engineered to withstand snow loads while also being durable. The roof is finished with a LOGICROOF polymer membrane carpet. Machines using hot air weld the membrane patches together to create one continuous roof carpet. This process can be performed in any weather.
The building's exterior finish is made up of a decorative plaster made by Bitex. It adheres to surfaces well and can be used both indoors and outdoors. With the plaster in place, you'd never guess that the building had been 3D printed.
As the house neared completion, it was time to add a coat of paint. The house was painted using Apis Cor's distinctive branding yellow. From this view, you can see how modern the home's overall style is.
Windows consisting of low emission glass panes were installed. These windows will help with insulating the home, thanks to their climate control features. The windows were created by Fabrika Okon and were installed in an arc to follow the style of the home.
Thought the inside of a 3D printed home would be lackluster? Think again. This house was outfitted with state-of-the-art appliances, including a washing machine tucked away out of the house's main space. The house may be small, but careful design makes good use of the available space.
This house makes no sacrifices when it comes to entertainment. A 78" TV was installed, adding to the house's sleek, modern style. Even with the house's curved walls, the TV fits seamlessly into the wall.
Ready for the best part? This house's construction cost $10,134. It required minimal manpower, and the printing was completed within 24 hours. Could this be the future of home construction? Could this be an option in reducing homelessness? It seems that, with such advancements in 3D printers, we're on the cusp of a revolution in how we build homes.
Wanna see an awesome video of how the house was built? Click here!